How to Start an LLC in New Hampshire (NH)

How-to-Start-an-LLC-in-New-Hampshire
How to Start an LLC in New Hampshire

Forming a Limited Liability Company in New Hampshire is an easy process that can be done in less than a week. For only $100, you can grant your business stronger legal and financial flexibility while being able to maintain full control over your operations.

Establishing your company as an LLC will make sure your business assets stay separate from personal assets. In the case that your company is ever sued or runs into financial trouble, you won’t ever have to pay any losses from your personal finances. Creating an LLC will give your business corporate-level protection but with the flexibility to run it as a sole proprietorship. 

To create an LLC in New Hampshire, follow our step-by-step instructions: 

How to Form an LLC in New Hampshire

New_Hampshire_in_United_States
How to Form an LLC in New Hampshire – United States Map

You can apply for your LLC on your own or through a professional service. While filing on your own isn’t complicated and doesn’t take too much time, you still want to make sure you complete each step as outlined below, ensuring your LLC is set up correctly the first time around.

If you’d rather not handle your business’s legal side, we suggest hiring experts to file all your business paperwork for you (a more worry-free approach).

Otherwise, if you’re a do-it-yourself kind of person, follow these 5 initial steps:

1. Name your New Hampshire LLC

To form an LLC in New Hampshire, you need to follow specific name requirements set by state law. Your business name needs to be unique, meaning no other company has a similar name.

Name Requirements

Before checking to see if the business name you’d like is available, to abide by New Hampshire LLC law, make sure the name of your company contains one of the following:

  • Limited Liability Company
  • L.L.C 

Your LLC name can be your business name, like Plumbing King L.L.C, or the name of one of your LLC’s members, such as Joe Smith L.L.C.

Check Name Availability

Once you’ve decided on your name, you need to check to see if it’s available and there’s no other company in New Hampshire using it. The quick and easy way to do this is through a quick google search using your desired name.

If you don’t find any competing companies, you can move onto the next step – checking your business’s potential name through the New Hampshire Secretary of State business name search. New LLCs must not choose a name that is similar to a business already registered with the state.

You can also reserve a name for up to 120 days through the New Hampshire Secretary of State. Applications cost $15 and must be filed by mail to: 

Corporation Division

NH Department of State

107 N. Main Street, Rm 204

Concord, NH 03301

Using a Fictitious Name

If you don’t want to use LLC in your business name, then you can add a fictitious name once your business is registered. Also known as DBA (“doing business as,”) or a trade name, a fictitious name allows you to run your business under a name that’s not the legal LLC registered name.

You can also use a fictitious name if you plan on running several different businesses under your LLC formation.

If a fictitious name is more suitable for your business, you can register your desired trade name with the New Hampshire Secretary of State. Registrations can be done online or by mail. The filing fee is $50.  

Once you’ve figured out what your business name is and you’ve made sure it’s still available, the next step is to choose a registered agent who will help you with the legal side of your business. 

2. Choose a New Hampshire Registered Agent

A registered agent is anyone who receives and sends legal documents on behalf of your company. They are the main point of contact between your company and the Secretary of State.

New Hampshire, an LLC must have a registered agent who lives in New Hampshire and has a valid street address (not a P.O. box).

An LLC registered agent can be:

  • Yourself 
  • A family member or friend 
  • A Commercial Registered Agent  

Why you should use a registered agent

While the easier route seems to have yourself, or one of your LLC’s members, act as the registered agent, there are some benefits in hiring a professional. A registered agent will ensure your business is always in good standing with the state, helping you stay organized and up-to-date. It also adds a layer of protection since they’ll help you in the case of a lawsuit or any penalties/fines.

Once you’ve decided who’s the best person to be your registered agent the next step is to submit your LLC application. 

3. File a New Hampshire Certificate of Formation

Creating an LLC in New Hampshire involves filing a ‘Certificate of Formation of a New Hampshire Limited Liability Company’, which can be done through the Secretary of State’s online business portal.

The Certificate of Formation must include:

  • Your LLCs name
  • The LLC office address, email, and business phone number
  • The name, address, and signature of your LLCs registered agent
  • The nature of the LLCs business (i.e. ‘Marketing Services’)
  • If your LLC will be member-managed or manager-managed
  • A list of all managers and/or members
  • The signature of one of the LLC manager, if any, or a member

What’s the difference between member-managed or manager-managed?

Member-managed is if you (and the other owners of your LLC) are responsible for everyday business activities. In contrast, manager-managed is if you decide to hire someone who is not a member to manage your business’s day-to-day activities.

Member-managed is more common for smaller businesses, while larger companies typically use manager-managed. You’d usually only choose manager-managed if you are a passive investor and aren’t involved much in the business.

The cost for filing the Certificate of Formation is $100. If you file online, you’ll have your certificate processed in 3-7 business days, while mailing it in can take 1-3 weeks. 

Once you get approval, you can move onto step 4 – creating an LLC Operating Agreement. If you’re operating your LLC by yourself, skip to step 5.

4. Create a New Hampshire LLC Operating Agreement

If your LLC has two or more members, it should have an operating agreement. Although it’s not required in New Hampshire, we suggest creating one to outline how the business is structured and how it will operate among its members (and/or managers). 

Some of the sections you’ll typically find covered in an operating agreement include:

  • Organization
  • Management
  • Voting
  • Capital distributions
  • Distributions
  • Dissolution

Again, while this is not a necessary step, as you don’t have to mail it to the secretary of state, it is recommended if your LLC has more than 2 members. It helps clarify the rules of your LLC and makes sure they are legally documented.

After you’ve agreed and created an LLC Operating Agreement, the next step is to create your unique employer identification number.

5. Apply for your New Hampshire LLC Employer Identification Number (EIN

Once your LLC is approved, you’ll need to get an employer identification number (EIN).
An EIN is a federal tax ID number that registers you with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). This number identifies your company when filing taxes.

How to register for an EIN:

Apply online or,
– fill out the Employer Identification Number form and fax it to 855-641-6935, or mail it to:

Internal Revenue Service,
Attn: EIN Operation,
Cincinnati,
OH, 45999

If you apply online, you’ll get instant approval. If you apply by fax, it takes up to 4 business days, whereas mailing can take up to 4 weeks. Applying for your EIN is completely free!

New Hampshire LLC Registration – Final Checklist & Summary

Ready to get started? Use this simple checklist to make sure you’ve dotted your i’s and crossed your t’s! 

  1. Name your LLC – Your business name must include ‘Limited Liability Company’, or the abbreviation’L.L.C.’ To check that your name is still available, search through New Hampshire’s business name database. Reservations and registrations for fictitious names can also be done through the New Hampshire Secretary of State. It costs $15 to reserve a name and $50 to register a fictitious name.
  2. Choose a Registered Office – A registered agent is a person who receives and sends legal documents on behalf of your company. It can be you, a friend or family member, or a commercial registered agent.
  3. File a New Hampshire LLC Certificate of Formation – In New Hampshire, filing an LLC involves submitting a ‘Certificate of Formation.’ You can find the form online through the Secretary of State’s business portal. You can submit it electronically or print it off and mail it in. Online submissions can take less than a week to be processed, while mailing it in takes 1-3 weeks. It costs $100 to file.
  4. Apply for your New Hampshire LLC Employer Identification Number (EIN) & File your Tax Registration Form
    Once you get approval for your LLC, you need to apply for an employer identification number (EIN) through the IRS. This number identities your company when filing taxes. You can apply online for free, and approval is instant.
  5. Create New Hampshire LLC Operating Agreement – If your LLC has two or more members, you should create an LLC operating agreement that outlines how the business is structured, who is responsible for what, and how much of the LLC each person owns. You don’t have to send your operating agreement to the New Hampshire state, but you should have one, so everything is documented and signed by all members.

Always double-check your LLC information is correct before submitting any paperwork. You want to avoid simple mistakes and ensure your business is set up correctly from the get-go. If it’s within your budget, we recommend using a formation service to help form your LLC. They can act as your registered agent and make sure your company is always in good standing. Just make sure you do your homework and choose one of the best LLC services for your business.

Our first recommendation is to go with ZenBusiness, an LLC creation service that holds your hand from start to finish. Packages start as low as $49.

How To Apply for a New Hampshire LLC Online

Now that you know the exact steps on what’s needed to form your LLC, it’s time to start the application process. There are two ways of going about this:

1. Do it Yourself

Taking the DIY route is a good option if your budget is tight or you’ve previously opened an LLC and understand how it works.

2. Use an Online Formation Company

Using an online formation company is a better option if it’s your first time opening up an LLC and if it’s within your budget (formation services cost anywhere between $49 – $199). This is typically a better choice if you want to avoid headaches and have peace of mind knowing professionals handle everything for you.

If using a professional service is more up your alley, here are our top 3 recommendations: 

ZenBusiness

ZenBusiness
ZenBusiness

ZenBusiness built its platform to meet the needs of your business throughout its lifetime. When you pay for their services, you’ll receive a personalized dashboard for your business to store documents, receive alerts, and manage your website.

ZenBusiness charges work on a tier system. There are three different tiers with pricing as follows:

  • The Starter = $49 annually
  • The Pro = $199 annually
  • The Premium = $299 annually

Read our full ZenBusiness review

IncFile

IncFile website
IncFile

IncFile provides you with a full suite offering startup services to best support your business formation.

Their pricing model also depends on the state you are filling. You can generate a personalized quote on their website by entering the necessary information about your business.

Read our full IncFile review

Legal Zoom

LegalZoom homepage
LegalZoom

LegalZoom is an online legal service provider that helps you to be able to create legal documents without having to pay the expensive lawyer fees. Some of the services they provide assistance to includes business formation, copyrights, and trademarks.

LegalZoom has many different pricing options available. For their LLC service, pricing begins at $79 + the allotted state fee.

Read our full LegalZoom review

When narrowing down your options, always try to choose a business that aligns with your needs and simplifies the process for you. Do some research on the best LLC services available and go with the one that resonates most with you. 

After Starting Your New Hampshire LLC

You’re approved – now what? The journey doesn’t stop here – there’s still a handful of things you need to do to get your business off the ground. We recommend ticking off the following items to make sure your LLC gets off on the right foot. 

Purchase A Domain For Your Business

Even if your business is local, having an online presence is essential in creating trust, professionalism, and a way for people to find you. If you haven’t already thought about getting a website, now’s the time. In a tech-saturated world, you need a domain to not only attract new customers but help create a good first visual impression of what your business does and how it can help. 

Get A Business Phone Number

Since your business is now an approved New Hampshire LLC, you should think about getting a business phone number. Having a business number is a great way to show professionalism to your clients and customers. It makes you more serious and, more importantly – more trustworthy.

There are various online phone services you can go with, or you could go the traditional route and open an account through a local branch. You can get a local number or a 1-800; the options are endless!  

Open Your New Hampshire LLC Business Bank Account

You’ll want to open a business account that’s separate from your personal banking. This will not only make accounting easier, but you won’t have to worry about your finances mixing in with your business finances.

USA Business Bank Accounts

If you already have online banking, it might be easier to open a business account through your current bank, so all your banking (although in separate accounts) will be accessible in the same place. If you prefer to open something new, keep these checking accounts in mind:

Chase – Free checking account with no extra fees – as long as you keep a $1,500 minimum balance.

BlueVine – Free checking account with mobile banking and a debit MasterCard.

Bank Nova – Open a free checking account with Free transfers and free ATM fees.

Bank of New Hampshire – Open up a checking account specific for LLCs and get access to lending, cash management, and online deposits.

Along with your business checking account, you should apply for a business credit card too. Having a business credit card is an excellent way to establish your business credit score (which may help if you ever need a loan). It also makes it easier for online purchases, and again, it will keep your personal and business finances separate.

Find Accountant/Buy Accounting Software

Taxes get complicated fast and can be a burden to handle. We recommend getting an accountant or using accounting software to ensure all your spending actions are tracked (payroll, bills, invoices, receipts, etc.). Here are some popular options to look into:

Wave – Free invoicing & accounting software with credit card processing & payroll services.

Intuit Quickbooks – Online accounting software to track expenses, customize invoices, and run reports.

Freshbooks – Accounting software to send invoices, track time, manage receipts, expenses, and accept credit cards.

Directory of Federal Tax Return Preparers with Credential – If you want to use a local tax specialist, you can search for a certified public accountant (CPA) through the IRS online directory.

Having all of your business reports in one spot is highly beneficial, so you can keep an eye on your cash flow. To run a successful business, you will need to analyze how your business performs and narrow down what’s working or what isn’t working. Finding areas for growth will ensure success. 

File an Annual Report

All LLCs authorized to operate in New Hampshire are required to fill out and submit an annual report. An annual report keeps your LLC records up-to-date with the state and keeps it active. 

The Secretary of State must receive your annual report before April 1st of each year. Your first report is due after the first calendar year that your LLC was approved. For example, if your LLC was formed in September 2021, your first report is due after January 1st, 2022, but before April 1st, 2022.

The filing fee is $100, and it must be filed online through the New Hampshire Annual Report Online Filing portal. If you forget to file a report, there’s a $50 late fee. Failure to submit a report within 2 years will result in your LLC being dissolved. 

Notify New Hampshire Of Any Changes You Make To Your LLC

If at any time you make changes to your LLC you need to inform the state. If you’re using a registered agent they can do this for you. If you’re going about this alone, you can update changes through New Hampshire’s business portal or through your registered agent.

8 Benefits of Forming an LLC in New Hampshire

Setting up an LLC in New Hampshire makes sure your business finances stay separate from any personal finances and that each member’s personal possessions are safe. It’s a great business entity for small, medium or large businesses as it gives you the freedom of a sole proprietorship or partnership with the protection of a corporation. Best of all, it’s easy to get (approval is instant), and it won’t cost you an arm and a leg. Some of its major benefits include:

1. Protect Your Personal Assets

The LLC will have its liability that does not automatically extend to the owners, unlike a sole proprietor, where you are legally responsible for everything. That means New Hampshire LLC protects the liabilities and debts incurred by the business. In most situations, your assets, such as your car, home, or savings, will never be at risk if your New Hampshire LLC is faced with lawsuits or bankruptcy.

2. Benefit From Business Profit Taxation

In an LLC in New Hampshire, your profits and losses can pass through to your income without having to have corporate taxation.

3. Simple to Create and Maintain

The formation of a New Hampshire LLC requires minimal paperwork and requirements. They are known for being easy to start and simple to maintain.

4. Minimal Restrictions

Your business matters can be managed by more than one owner or member while still being one main business to the public. This means all decisions and transactions behind the scenes can be equitably distributed while presenting one entity as you move forward.

5. Heighten Your Credibility

As you move forward, your New Hampshire LLC will continuously be recognized as an entity. People and other businesses prefer doing business with a legitimate entity because it shows your level of professionalism.

6. Gain Access to Business Loans

When you form your New Hampshire LLC, you will obtain a DUNS number and build your business credit, helping you to further build upon your business.

7. Benefit From Flexible Profit Distribution

In an LLC, you are not required to spread the distribution of profits equally across the owners. You have complete control over profit distribution in your New Hampshire LLC.

8. Good For Any Kind Of Business

An LLC business structure in New Hampshire is an excellent choice for both medium and higher-risk level businesses. You might always want to consider opting to go with an LLC if you have a significant amount of personal assets to protect from your company. And lastly, LLCs are great for owners who are interested in paying lower tax rates than corporations.

Conclusion

You can form an LLC in New Hampshire in under a week and for only $100. It is a great business option for any business owner looking to legitimize and expand their operations without excess resources or cash.

By separating your personal and business assets, you can freely conduct your business as you normally would, but with the added protection of a corporation in case your business runs into financial or legal troubles.

It’s important that you submit the Certificate of Organization accurately, as an LLC is a legal entity. Failure to do so can lead to your LLC being formed incorrectly. To prevent this, we recommend using a formation service such as Zen Business, who can help you with any legal paperwork.

Formation services will make sure your LLC is always in good standing, and there are no legal surprises. This will not only reduce potential headaches, but you’ll be able to focus on your customers, clients and getting more sales.

File Your Dream Business with ZenBusiness

FAQ About Forming New Hampshire LLC

There are several different steps you’ll need to take to form your LLC legally. It’s a lot of information to take in and can get confusing. To help out, we’ve compiled some answers to the most frequently asked questions:

What are LLCs, and why are they important?

An LLC is a Limited Liability Company. It’s a business structure used to protect your assets, like your house, your car, or even your savings. No matter what happens to your business (lawsuits, bankruptcy, etc.) your assets are kept safe.

How much does it cost to start an LLC in New Hampshire?

The filing fee for the ‘Certificate of Formation’ is $100. After that, each year, the annual report costs $100. 

How Long Does It Take to Form an LLC in New Hampshire?

Online submissions get approved in under a week, while mail-in submissions take between 1-3 weeks to process.

Can You Start an LLC on Your Own?

Yes, you can start forming an LLC on your own by following the step-by-step instructions provided in this article. For additional help, look to hire an all-around service provider. 

Do You Need a Lawyer to Start an LLC in New Hampshire?

No, you can start an LLC without a lawyer just be prepared to file and report everything on your own. If you’re not interested in getting a lawyer but want to make sure everything is filed correctly, use an online business formation service, like the ones listed in this article, with ZenBusiness as our #1 recommendation. 

Does an LLC need to make money?

No, an LLC doesn’t need to make profits, but if you’re claiming tax deductions with no income, the IRS will likely audit your business. 

What Are The Downsides to having an LLC

There are pros and cons to forming an LLC. The pros are tax reductions, protecting your personal assets, and creating credibility for your business (and possible future business loans). The main con of an LLC is you’re considered self-employed. This is a disadvantage as you’d be taxed under self-employment and responsible to pay Social Security and Medicare taxes. The amount you’d be required to pay depends on your business’s total net earnings.